Adolescent Marijuana Use Intentions Using Theory to Plan an Intervention
Understanding adolescent marijuana use intentions and predicting their likelihood of success may require the use of theory. These theories, which include Self-efficacy and risk perception, can be helpful in planning an intervention to reduce or eliminate youth marijuana use. The following sections will provide a brief overview of the theory. The theory will also help you to understand your adolescent client’s unique personality, drug use history, and risk perception.
This study explored the relationship between self-efficacy and marijuana use intentions among adolescents, as measured by CES-R. This measure measures the degree to which participants evaluate their own abilities and beliefs. It also determines the proportion of adolescents who have a strong self-efficacy, which is a measure of the degree of confidence in one’s own ability to perform a specific behavior.
The results revealed that the relationships between intention and self-efficacy are mediated. For example, an individual may have a strong belief that marijuana use will negatively affect their academic performance, while a low-risk adolescent may believe the opposite. Ultimately, this difference may translate to a more negative attitude and intention. The corresponding findings highlight the importance of understanding how these two constructs relate to each other.
The results of this study suggest that marijuana use intentions are largely influenced by the self-efficacy of individuals. The self-efficacy of participants was significantly lower when marijuana use was accompanied by peer pressure. Participants’ perception of social approval was significantly higher for HRAs than for LRAs. Similarly, their perceived likelihood of harming themselves and others was lower than for LRAs. However, the findings also indicate that self-efficacy is highly relevant in predicting marijuana use among adolescents.
In addition to being correlated with actual marijuana use, the extended Theory of Planned Behavior also revealed a strong relationship between subjective social norms and behavioral intention. Positive attitude towards marijuana use, limited self-efficacy, low problem-solving skills, and subjective perceptions of low environmental constraints all were associated with an increased likelihood of using marijuana. This research provides a theoretical framework for targeted interventions.
The study was limited by the non-random sample of MJ users and the underrepresentation of twelfth graders in the sample. However, the results obtained were novel and provide valuable insights into the cognitive processes associated with MJ use. The survey items used in the study were also validated in adolescents, although the use of single item outcomes in this study would be better operationalized through multidimensional self-efficacy scales.
The research also uncovered an association between marijuana-related motives and intentions to abstain. Although there is a need for more research on these factors, these relationships are not well-established. The study found that intentions to stop using marijuana were related to self-efficacy, social motives, and personal/peer beliefs. However, the research also identified an association between these factors and the intention to quit.
Researchers have shown that risk perception is useful in determining the likelihood of high-risk behavior. The theory identifies two factors, risk and admiration, which explain 68% of variance in the risk perception of adolescents. Adolescents who engage in high-risk activities often view risks as difficult to avoid but easy to control. For example, Weinstein (1980) showed that adolescents have unrealistically high confidence that they can avoid risky activities.
The concept of risk perception is important for health and safety in adolescence because it sets the stage for lifelong patterns. For instance, by taking prescribed medications or avoiding alcohol consumption, adolescents can decrease their risk of developing certain diseases or causing injury. However, daily lifestyle risks are often not easily perceived, such as diet, physical activity, or internet use. This may attenuate the impact of risk perception on behaviors. The theory also notes that adolescents have lower perception and comprehension capacities than adults.
Researchers have also identified the role of age in risk perception. Interestingly, young people do not learn much from negative experiences. Their learning capacity grows with age, but the lack of negative experiences explains the decrease in risk perception from early to late adolescence. As a result, many interventions are aimed at enhancing risk perception. The research also points out that age and the development of the brain do not necessarily correlate.
In addition to assessing risk perception, interventions developers should identify the underlying beliefs and determinants of the behavior that they want to change. These determinants should be addressed first before they can plan interventions. For example, they must first identify the determinants of health-promoting behaviors in adolescents and identify effective theoretical methods to change them. They should also consider the impact on risk-taking behavior on health-related outcomes.
The main explanatory models for risky behavior generally adhere to a “rational” behavioral framework. The health-belief model emphasizes the quantitative trading off of risks, while the theory of planned behavior stresses the nondeliberate reaction to perceived gists. The prototype of a standard example is called the prototype. The researcher should use a psychometric scale to analyze data. The data are analyzed using SPSS 24.0.
The use of fear-arousal methods is a popular strategy for raising awareness and changing risk behavior. However, it lacks efficacy and often results in a defensive reaction. Thus, health promoters should identify alternative methods and applications for risk behavior interventions. Then, they should choose interventions that maximize the likelihood of effectiveness and that are sustainable. A theory-based approach should also ensure the feasibility of the interventions and increase their sustainability.
To determine whether these interventions were effective, the researchers used survey data of a 2-year longitudinal study conducted in Sichuan Province. They selected participants based on gender and grade. Informed consent was obtained from underage participants and from teenagers. The schools were selected based on similar conditions. After a rigorous screening process, the students were randomly assigned to either an experimental or control group. The results show that risk perception in adolescents can be influenced by the theory of planned intervention.
The COMPAS program has been culturally adapted for use in Colombia and theoretically validated as being suitable for addressing sexuality education among teenagers. The COMPAS program has been designed to address this issue in adolescents, with activities adapted to the cultural context of Colombia. It also includes a sexual diversity component. There is a clear link between risk perception and the ability to prevent HIV infection. It is important to recognize the social and cultural contexts of adolescents who are sexually active and who are likely to engage in sexually risky behaviors.